Tableau chronologique

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1700-1709     1710-1719     1720-1729     1730-1739     1740-1749     1750-1759     1760-1769     1770-1779     1780-1789     1790-1799

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Soldats, Guerriers et Leaders
Guerres, Batailles et Conflits
Forces Armées
Stratégie et Tactique
Armes, Équipements et Fortifications
Politique et Société

1790: Soldats, Guerriers et Leaders
1790: Guerres, Batailles et Conflits
1790: Forces Armées
1790: Stratégie et Tactique
1790: Armes, Équipements et Fortifications
1790: Politique et Société
1791: Soldats, Guerriers et Leaders
1791: Guerres, Batailles et Conflits
1791: Forces Armées
1791: Stratégie et Tactique
1791: Armes, Équipements et Fortifications
1791: Politique et Société
1792: Soldats, Guerriers et Leaders
1792: Guerres, Batailles et Conflits
1792: Forces Armées
1792: Stratégie et Tactique
1792: Armes, Équipements et Fortifications
1792: Politique et Société
1793: Soldats, Guerriers et Leaders
1793: Guerres, Batailles et Conflits
1793: Forces Armées
1793: Stratégie et Tactique
1793: Armes, Équipements et Fortifications
1793: Politique et Société
1794: Soldats, Guerriers et Leaders
1794: Guerres, Batailles et Conflits
1794: Forces Armées
1794: Stratégie et Tactique
1794: Armes, Équipements et Fortifications
1794: Politique et Société
1795: Soldats, Guerriers et Leaders
1795: Guerres, Batailles et Conflits
1795: Forces Armées
1795: Stratégie et Tactique
1795: Armes, Équipements et Fortifications
1795: Politique et Société
1796: Soldats, Guerriers et Leaders
1796: Guerres, Batailles et Conflits
1796: Forces Armées
1796: Stratégie et Tactique
1796: Armes, Équipements et Fortifications
1796: Politique et Société
1797: Soldats, Guerriers et Leaders
1797: Guerres, Batailles et Conflits
1797: Forces Armées
1797: Stratégie et Tactique
1797: Armes, Équipements et Fortifications
1797: Politique et Société
1798: Soldats, Guerriers et Leaders
1798: Guerres, Batailles et Conflits
1798: Forces Armées
1798: Stratégie et Tactique
1798: Armes, Équipements et Fortifications
1798: Politique et Société
1799: Soldats, Guerriers et Leaders
1799: Guerres, Batailles et Conflits
1799: Forces Armées
1799: Stratégie et Tactique
1799: Armes, Équipements et Fortifications
1799: Politique et Société

Date > 1700 > 1790-1799

Natives going to meet the Spanish navy schooners Sutil and Mexicana in 1792

Type:

This painting shows an encounter on 11 June 1792 between native canoes and the Spanish navy schooners Sutil and Mexicana. Mount Baker can be seen in the background. On this date in Guemes Channel (near present day Anacortes, Washington), a Spanish expedition paused to make astronomical observations that would correctly fix their longitude. Their mission was to chart the Strait of Juan de Fuca, and search for the Northwest Passage. The painting is the work of José Cardero, the expedition's official artist. (Museo Naval, Madrid)

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Weapons

Type:

This section illustrates a selection of firearms and bladed weapons used by British and Canadian military units during the 18th and 19th centuries.

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Drummer, Primera Compañía franca de Voluntarios de Cataluña at Nootka, 1790-1794

Type:

There were two drummers on the strength of the Primera Compañía franca de Voluntarios de Cataluña (or '1st independent company of Catalonian volunteers'). This unit of the Spanish colonial army supplied the original garrison at Nootka. After 1760, Spanish army drummers wore the livery of the King of Spain - a blue coat with scarlet collar and cuffs, along with a scarlet waistcoat. Both coat and waistcoat were trimmed with scarlet lace that was embroidered with a white chain pattern. This same pattern of lace had decorated French uniforms before the French Revolution in 1789. The Bourbon kings of Spain were a branch of the French royal family, and adopted a similar livery. Reconstruction by David Rickman. (Parks Canada)

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The Military Art of the American Northwest

Type:

War in the Pacific Northwest centred around the canoe, which could be up to 20 metres long. Flotillas of canoes would attack enemy villages, hoping to capture prisoners to keep as slaves. Coastal forts of cedar logs were to be found, used to help control and tax maritime trade.

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Military Costumes

Type:

This section is a collection of surviving artifacts and period artists' illustrations. Illustrated are uniform coats of officers or enlisted men from a variety of Canadian and British units that served in present-day Canada during the period 1780-1870.

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Spanish fort at Nootka in 1793

Type:

This watercolour by artist Sigismund Bacstrum is based on a sketch made 20 February 1793. It shows the presido at Nootka with the red and yellow Spanish flag flying over the battery at left, and the soldiers' barracks at right. (Parks Canada)

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Military Bands

Type:

The British likely introduced the military band to Canada. These regimental musicians were paid for by individual units. Instrumentation favoured flutes, clarinets and percussion. The bands played a strong role in the social life of garrison towns throughout Canada.

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Formidable Fighters

Type:

The peoples of the Pacific coast were formidable fighters during the 18th and 19th centuries. Their warriors used bows and javelins, carried clubs and bone-bladed daggers, and could wear wooden armour. They preferred a mass assault, but treachery during 'friendly' meetings were not rare.

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British at Fort Chambly

Type:

After the Conquest in 1760, the British moved into Fort Chambly. This website describes the role of the fort during the invasion of Canada by the Americans in 1775-1776 and again in the War of 1812.

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Militia of Nova Scotia, New Brunswick and Prince Edward Island

Type:

This report discusses the organizational features of the militia of the separate provinces of Nova Scotia, New Brunswick and Prince Edward Island prior to Confederation.

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