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1700-1709     1710-1719     1720-1729     1730-1739     1740-1749     1750-1759     1760-1769     1770-1779     1780-1789     1790-1799

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Soldats, Guerriers et Leaders
Guerres, Batailles et Conflits
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Stratégie et Tactique
Armes, Équipements et Fortifications
Politique et Société

1750: Soldats, Guerriers et Leaders
1750: Guerres, Batailles et Conflits
1750: Forces Armées
1750: Stratégie et Tactique
1750: Armes, Équipements et Fortifications
1750: Politique et Société
1751: Soldats, Guerriers et Leaders
1751: Guerres, Batailles et Conflits
1751: Forces Armées
1751: Stratégie et Tactique
1751: Armes, Équipements et Fortifications
1751: Politique et Société
1752: Soldats, Guerriers et Leaders
1752: Guerres, Batailles et Conflits
1752: Forces Armées
1752: Stratégie et Tactique
1752: Armes, Équipements et Fortifications
1752: Politique et Société
1753: Soldats, Guerriers et Leaders
1753: Guerres, Batailles et Conflits
1753: Forces Armées
1753: Stratégie et Tactique
1753: Armes, Équipements et Fortifications
1753: Politique et Société
1754: Soldats, Guerriers et Leaders
1754: Guerres, Batailles et Conflits
1754: Forces Armées
1754: Stratégie et Tactique
1754: Armes, Équipements et Fortifications
1754: Politique et Société
1755: Soldats, Guerriers et Leaders
1755: Guerres, Batailles et Conflits
1755: Forces Armées
1755: Stratégie et Tactique
1755: Armes, Équipements et Fortifications
1755: Politique et Société
1756: Soldats, Guerriers et Leaders
1756: Guerres, Batailles et Conflits
1756: Forces Armées
1756: Stratégie et Tactique
1756: Armes, Équipements et Fortifications
1756: Politique et Société
1757: Soldats, Guerriers et Leaders
1757: Guerres, Batailles et Conflits
1757: Forces Armées
1757: Stratégie et Tactique
1757: Armes, Équipements et Fortifications
1757: Politique et Société
1758: Soldats, Guerriers et Leaders
1758: Guerres, Batailles et Conflits
1758: Forces Armées
1758: Stratégie et Tactique
1758: Armes, Équipements et Fortifications
1758: Politique et Société
1759: Soldats, Guerriers et Leaders
1759: Guerres, Batailles et Conflits
1759: Forces Armées
1759: Stratégie et Tactique
1759: Armes, Équipements et Fortifications
1759: Politique et Société

Date > 1700 > 1750-1759

Camp of the 43rd Regiment of Foot during the siege of Fort Beauséjour, June 1755

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The men of the British 43rd Regiment of Foot were part of a 2,000 strong army under Lietenant-Colonel Robert Monkton that took Fort Beauséjour after a brief siege in the summer of 1755. At left can be seen men of the grenadier company, distinguished by their pointed mitre headdresses. In the centre are ordinary soldiers who have the tricorne hats worn by most of the regiment. The young men to the right are drummers, wearing coats with reversed colours (white with red facings instead of red with white). This was intended to make drummers easy to spot in a fight, which was important, since drum beats were used to give orders. The presence of women and children seem odd in a military encampment, but each British regiment would have a small number of soldiers' families following them on campaign. Reconstruction by Lewis Parker. (Parks Canada)

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Attempts to Increase Military Strength

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Despite their disunity, the staff of New France agreed on one thing - the need for more fighting men to defend the colony. During the winter of 1756-57, Governor Vaudreuil reorganized existing resources, and two more battalions from the French metropolitan army were dispatched.

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Grenadier of the régiment de Guyenne (left) and a corporal from the régiment de Béarn (right), circa 1756.

Type:

These men wear the special Canadian version of their regimental uniform, made to specifications of the Ministère de la Marine (the Ministry of the Navy - responsible for French colonies). At left is a grenadier of the Régiment de Guyenne. His moustache marks him as a member of the elite grenadier company, since other French soldiers of the period had to be cleanshaven. His uniform looks much like the European pattern, save for the lack of collar to his grey-white. The Canadian uniform of the régiment de Béarn showed more changes. It had blue cuffs and waistcoat, pewter buttons, and silver lace - very distinct from the red collar, cuffs and waistcoat, brass buttons, and gold lace worn in Europe. The corporal of the régiment de Béarn (right) wears loops of silver lace on his cuffs as a mark of his rank. Reconstruction by Eugène Lelièpvre. (Parks Canada)

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Weapons

Type:

This section illustrates a selection of firearms and bladed weapons used by British and Canadian military units during the 18th and 19th centuries.

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Map of the siege of Quebec, 1759

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This 1810 plan of the 1759 siege of Quebec was based on the survey made by order of Admiral Saunders, the Royal Navy commander of the expedition. (Library and Archives Canada, C-014523)

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Brigadier James Wolfe - Battle for a Continent - Fortress Louisbourg

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Synopsis of television episode on James Wolfe's role in the siege of Louisbourg. Wolfe was determined to avenge the French general the Marquis de Montcalm's North American victories. It was at Cormorant Cove, which the French neglected to protect, that Wolfe first tasted glory and acquired a reputation for recklessness that would grow. This episode is part of the "Canada: A People's History" series. Includes links to educational resources, bibliography, games, puzzles, and video clips.

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Drummer, Compagnies franches de la Marine, New France, 1755-1760

Type:

This drummer of the Compagnies franches wears the livery of the king of France, with its distinctive lace - crimson with an embroidered white chain pattern. Drummers were often distinctively dressed to make them easy to spot in the heat of battle. This was because the only practical way of transmitting orders to a large group of men before the perfection of portable radios was by means of distinctive drum beats. Officers had to be able to find a drummer quickly, even in a confused mass of soldiers, hence the special uniform. Reconstruction by Eugène Lelièpvre. (Parks Canada)

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Compagnies franches de la Marine (Warships)

Type:

The names of troops raised by the French Ministry of Marine often confuse people. There were separate units of Compagnies franches de la Marine to serve aboard warships. These troops had nothing to do with the Compagnies franches found in Canada.

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Corruption Causes Hardship

Type:

In 1756, the graft of Canadian-born François Bigot, Intendant (and chief financial minister of New France) made a bad situation worse. His theft and corruption led to rampant inflation in New France, which impoverished many officers, particularly the French-born ones without local incomes.

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British Invasion - Battle for a Continent - Fortress Louisbourg

Type:

Synopsis of television episode of the British attack on the Fortress of Louisbourg. On June 1, 1758, a massive British force arrived at Louisbourg, led by commander General Jeffery Amherst. To Louisbourg Governor Augustin de Drucour, it appeared that the British were intent on killing everyone and burning the town. This episode is part of the "Canada: A People's History" series. Includes links to educational resources, bibliography, games, puzzles, and video clips.

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