Canadian Military History Gateway
Subject > Politics and Society > Social Conscience and Activism > Conscientious Objectors
War with Germany brought the underlying fear of an "enemy from within" to the surface of Canadian society -- the "enemy" being German and Austro-Hungarian immigrants. More loathed than the alien in Canada were those who chose not to fight. Discusses the treatment of both of these groups of Canadian citizens during the First World War.
Library and Archives Canada
The Late Loyalists settled in Upper Canada just before the War of 1812. Many were Americans who sold their land to take the free land being offered or groups such as the Mennonites who came to Canada to escape compulsory military service with the American militia.
A bibliography of sources that highlight the effects of the First World War on Canadian society. Topics include propaganda, race relations, economics, casualities, women in the workplace and prisoners of war.
When we first think of war service, we often think about the horrifying and dangerous role of the soldier; however, Canadians also served the war effort on the home front. Discusses the various efforts made during the First World War, both on and off the battlefield.