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Camp of the 43rd Regiment of Foot during the siege of Fort Beauséjour, June 1755

Type: Image

The men of the British 43rd Regiment of Foot were part of a 2,000 strong army under Lietenant-Colonel Robert Monkton that took Fort Beauséjour after a brief siege in the summer of 1755. At left can be seen men of the grenadier company, distinguished by their pointed mitre headdresses. In the centre are ordinary soldiers who have the tricorne hats worn by most of the regiment. The young men to the right are drummers, wearing coats with reversed colours (white with red facings instead of red with white). This was intended to make drummers easy to spot in a fight, which was important, since drum beats were used to give orders. The presence of women and children seem odd in a military encampment, but each British regiment would have a small number of soldiers' families following them on campaign. Reconstruction by Lewis Parker. (Parks Canada)

Site: National Defence

Canadian Army - World War II Archival Films

Type: DocumentAnimationFilm and Video

Listing of films from the National Film Board. Archival footage includes training films and news magazines from the Second World War.

Site: National Film Board of Canada

Keen-Eyed Women Volunteer for Aircraft Detection Corps - Second World War

Type: Sound

Reporter Marion Angus describes the work of female ADC plane-spotters in this 1943 radio broadcast. These homefront volunteers sight, recognize (ie. identify) and report aircraft flying overhead.

Site: Canadian Broadcasting Corporation

Canadian Armed Forces: Canadian Prisoners of the Axis Powers - Canada and the war - Democracy at War

Type: DocumentImage

Almost 9,000 members of Canada’s armed forces became prisoners of the enemy during World War II, as well as several hundred Canadian civilians. Undernourishment and boredom were the prisoners' great enemies. There were worries at home about prisoners in the deteriorating conditions of 1945, but nearly all were liberated by the advancing Allied armies, including the Russian Red Army, or freed themselves when the enemy surrendered.

Site: Canadian War Museum

Queen Asks Canadian Women to Help War Effort - Canadian Women in the Second World War

Type: Sound

As war breaks out, Queen Elizabeth, consort of King George VI, speaks to Canadian women in this 1939 Armistice Day broadcast about the roles they must play.

Site: Canadian Broadcasting Corporation

War Years - Esther Lundy - My Grandmother's Wartime Diary - Canada and the Second World War

Type: Document

While life on the homefront during wartime could be difficult there were also happier moments of goodwill and friendship.

Site: Veterans Affairs Canada

Marrying Combatants

Type: Document

Marriage in the Canadian military was subject to many regulations. This can be seen in the experience of Blanchee Lavallee and Henri Trudeau.

Site: National Defence

On Every Front - Canadian Women in the Second World War

Type: DocumentFilm and VideoSound

Canadian women were not allowed to fight during the Second World War but they did just about everything else. Tens of thousands joined the women's divisions of the Armed Forces. Hundreds of thousands stepped into jobs in wartime industry. At home and abroad they were welders and pilots, nurses and clerks, the homemakers that kept families together, protecting the home front and the Canadian way of life. These are some of their stories.

Site: Canadian Broadcasting Corporation

Fighting from the Home Front - Second World War- The Crucible

Type: Document

Synopsis of television episode about the social and economic effects that the Second World War had on Canada. Discusses the War Measures Act invoked by Prime Minister Mackenzie King in 1939. This episode is part of the "Canada: A People's History" series. Includes links to educational resources, bibliography, games, puzzles, and video clips.

Site: Canadian Broadcasting Corporation

Preface to My Grandmother's Wartime Diary - Canada and the Second World War

Type: Document

Introduces a project on women and wartime experience created to coincide with Women's History Month, a commemoration of women in Canadian history.

Site: Veterans Affairs Canada