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Subject > Armed Forces > Military Ceremony and Honours

Date > 1800

Weapons

Type: Document

This section illustrates a selection of firearms and bladed weapons used by British and Canadian military units during the 18th and 19th centuries.

Site: National Defence

Officer with regimental colour, 9th (the East Norfolk) Regiment of Foot, 1814

Type: Image

The 1st battalion of the 9th (the East Norfolk) Regiment of Foot was sent from the Duke of Wellington's victorious army in Spain to serve in Canada during 1814-1815. This was not the first time in the country for the regiment, which had been part of Burgoyne's army during the American Revolutionary War. This contemporary illustration shows an officer with the regimental colour (in the regiment's yellow facing colour). The 183 centimetre square colour itself is partially furled to make it easier to carry. Accompanying the officer is a colour-sergeant armed with a spontoon. The rank was created in 1813 as the senior non-commissioned officer in an infantry company. These men had a special duty of protecting the colours in action, and were distinguished with a special rank badge worn on the right arm.

Site: National Defence

Duties and Honours

Type: Document

British army officers were primarily responsible for supervising the activities of their men. The British took up the practice of awarding military medals only in the nineteenth century. First for officers only, then for all ranks, campaign medals became a source of great pride.

Site: National Defence

Canadian Victoria Cross Winners - South African War

Type: Document

During the South African War, Victoria Crosses were awarded for rescuing fellow soldiers under enemy fire, rear-guard action at Leliefontein, and for service in the Medical Corps.

Site: Canadian War Museum

Militiamen raising the May pole in front of their captain’s house

Type: Image

The tradition of raising the May pole in front of the Militia captain's house, which began in the era of New France, went on in French Canada until the middle of the 19th century.

Site: National Defence

Sir James Henry Craig, Governor General of Canada

Type: Image

Craig (1748-1812), was Governor General of Canada from 1807 to 1811. His term was a stormy one, but he had many friends and admirerers in the colony, something shown by the brisk sale in Canada of prints portraying him. Sir James is shown wearing the uniform of a British general, with the star of the Order of the Bath on his breast. (Library and Archives Canada, C-024888)

Site: National Defence

Sir Eugene Fiset returns to service…

Type: Document

Eugene Fiset is an example of a unique French Canadian officer who rose to high rank and distinguished recognition while serving his country in the Boer War. He later rose to the position of Director General of the Army Medical Service. Following military service he was a Deputy Minister of Militia and Defence, a Major-General, a Member of Parliament, and finally the Lieutenant Governor of Quebec.

Site: National Defence

Lieutenant-Colonel Charles-Michel d'Irumberry de Salaberry, Canadian Voltigeurs, circa 1813-1815

Type: Image

De Salaberry (1778-1829) was a veteran officer of the British army, with service in the West Indies and the Netherlands. He belonged to one of the most influential families in French Canada. The family enjoyed a long-standing friendship with Prince Edward Augustus, the Duke of Kent and future King William IV. The prince's influence got the young Canadian his first commission, with the 60th (Royal American) Regiment of Foot. De Salaberry raised the Provincial Corps of Light Infantry (Canadian Voltigeurs) in 1812 and won lasting fame in Canada when 300-400 of his troops defeated an American army of over 5,000 men at Châteauguay on 26 November 1813. This engraving, made after the War of 1812, shows de Salaberry in the uniform of an officer of the Canadian Voltigeurs. The circular medal he wears is the Field Officers Gold Medal, a very rare award at the time. This medal of de Salaberry's is in the collection of the Canadian War Museum today. (Library and Archives Canada, C-009226)

Site: National Defence

Lieutenant-Colonel Thomas D.B. Evans (1860- 1908) - South African War

Type: Document

Under Lieutenant-Colonel T.D.B. Evans' leadership the Canadian Mounted Rifles carried out some very successful actions, including the seizure of a key hill at Leliefontein on 7 November 1900 that prevented the Boers from trapping a British force.

Site: Canadian War Museum

The Military Wedding

Type: Document

During the 18th and 19th centuries, marriage for the common British soldier was governed mostly by custom. Marriage involved 'leaping over the sword', where bride and groom did just that in the presence of the man's companions. Official permission was needed in theory, but seldom given.

Site: National Defence