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Major Arthur L. ("Gat") Howard (1846-1901) - South African War

Type: Document

Major Arthur L. (Gat) Howard accepted the position of machine gun officer in the 1st Canadian Mounted Rifles (later called the Royal Canadian Dragoons). Instead of returning home from the South African War with his unit in December 1900, Howard organized the Canadian Scouts and took command of the unit.

Site: Canadian War Museum

Lieutenant-Colonel William D. Otter (1843-1929) - South African War

Type: Document

Lieutenant-Colonel William D. Otter became the first Canadian-born officer to command this country’s military. As commanding officer of the 2nd Battalion, Royal Canadian Regiment of Infantry in South Africa, his no nonsense, no frills approach to soldiering brought him into conflict with the less disciplined ways of his officers and men, but his austere professionalism got results.

Site: Canadian War Museum

Lieutenant-Colonel Samuel B. Steele (1849-1919) - South African War

Type: Document

Recommended as the best man in Canada to lead a unit in South Africa by the North West Mounted Police, Samuel B. Steele took command of Strathcona’s Horse in 1899. After taking the unit back to Canada early in 1901, Steele returned to South Africa that same year to command a division of the South African Constabulary until 1906. He later commanded Canadian formations in England during the First World War.

Site: Canadian War Museum

Canadian Armed Forces: The British Commonwealth Air Training Plan (BCATP) - Canada and the War - Democracy at War

Type: DocumentImage

During World War Two Canada assumed the role of trainer of the pilots and aircrew for the Allied war effort. This was done under the British Commonwealth Air Training Plan, an agreement signed in December 1939 by Canada, Great Britain, Australia, and New Zealand to train aircrew in Canada.

Site: Canadian War Museum

Lieutenant-Colonel Charles W. Drury (1856-1913) - South African War

Type: Document

Charles W. Drury was known as the ‘Father of Modern Field Artillery in Canada’ for his many innovations. He accompanied the first Canadian contingent to study military developments during the South African War.

Site: Canadian War Museum

Lieutenant-Colonel Thomas D.B. Evans (1860- 1908) - South African War

Type: Document

Under Lieutenant-Colonel T.D.B. Evans' leadership the Canadian Mounted Rifles carried out some very successful actions, including the seizure of a key hill at Leliefontein on 7 November 1900 that prevented the Boers from trapping a British force.

Site: Canadian War Museum

Canada within the Empire - Military Reform. 1903-1914

Type: Document

In 1904, Ottawa decided to modernize and reform Canada’s military establishment , which included replacing the British General Officer Commanding with a Canadian appointee. Defence spending rose, militia training accelerated, and the authorized strength of the Permanent Force increased to 4000.

Site: Canadian War Museum

Lieutenant-Colonel François-Louis Lessard (1860-1927) - South African War

Type: Document

Lieutenant-Colonel François-Louis Lessard went to South Africa as a Canadian officer attached to the British Army to learn about the latest developments in warfare. In 1900, the Canadian government appointed him to command the 1st Battalion, Canadian Mounted Rifles, later named the Royal Canadian Dragoons.

Site: Canadian War Museum