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Subject > Armed Forces > Land Forces

Date > 1900

Concluding Phase of Operations by the 1st Cdn Army - Part I - The Operations of First Cdn Army, 2-11 Apr 45

Type: Document

This official report deals with the operations of the First Canadian Army in North-West Europe during the last phase of the campaign from April 2, 1945, when General H.D.G. Crerar's headquarters assumed control of Canadian operations east of the Rhine, to the signing of the instrument of surrender by plenipotentiaries of the German High Command at Field Marshal Montgomery's Tactical Headquarters on May 4, resulting in the cease fire order.

Site: National Defence

Women of the Second World War: Mary Churchill congratulates CWACs

Type: Sound

In this 1943 radio speech, Mary Churchill describes her favourable impressions of a recent visit to a CWAC training centre.

Site: Canadian Broadcasting Corporation

Army Participation in Measures taken by the Three Services for the Security of the Gulf of St Lawrence and the Lower River during the Period of German Submarine Activity, 1942-45

Type: Document

This report discusses the measures taken by the Army to safeguard the civil population and vital installations in the Lower St. Lawrence region as a result of the incursion of German submarines into the Gulf and River in 1942. After Japanese forces struck at Pearl Harbour, the whole perspective of the war was changed and the Allied powers had to redistribute their naval resources to cover the new areas in the Pacific and Indian Oceans. The German enemy's response to this new situation was to mount more agressive U-boat attacks from the Atlantic and heading westward.

Site: National Defence

Military Land Vehicles - Transportation

Type: DocumentFilm and Video

Listing of films from the National Film Board. Snowmobiles, trucks and track vehicles are the major modes of transport used by Canadian land forces. On this site are found films on the background of these means of transportation and instructions on their operation.

Site: National Film Board of Canada

A New Mission

Type: Document

A new Liberal government in 1963 chose a new mission for the reserves – survival training and territorial defence, with a reduced size. Following this decision, the size of the reserves fluctuated, as the relevance of the militia and their role became less apparent.

Site: National Defence

Fortress Europe - German Coastal Defences and the Canadian Role in Liberating the Channel Ports

Type: Document

By 1942, fearing an Allied invasion in the west while embroiled in war with the Soviet Union in the east, Hitler endeavoured to create the "Atlantic Wall", or "Fortress Europe", by encrusting the Atlantic seacoast with concrete and steel defences. This article describes these German fortifications and how the First Canadian Army participated in capturing these defensive positions. Includes reading list.

Site: Canadian War Museum

Canada and the Second World War - Victory. 1945

Type: Document

On 8 February 1945, the Canadians helped deal a deathblow to German resistance. Fighting through the Rhineland and piercing the formidable Siegfried Line, they penetrated the Reichswald and Hochwald forests.

Site: Canadian War Museum

Canadian Participation in the Operations in North-West Europe, 1944 - Part III - Canadian Operations, 1-23 August

Type: Document

This report presents a detailed narrative of Canadian operations in Normandy during the period 1-23 August 1944.

Site: National Defence

Chapter 3 - World War One 1914-1918 - Communications and Electronics Branch

Type: Document

The First World War stimulated a burst of striking new technologies including advances in battlefield communication. This resource describes the successes and failures of this technology and how the organization of forces changed to enable their use.

Site: National Defence

Canada and the Second World War - The Italian Campaign. 1943-1945

Type: Document

In Canada’s first sustained land operation of the war, Canadian troops helped capture Sicily in a five-week campaign beginning 10 July 1943.

Site: Canadian War Museum