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Fortress Europe - German Coastal Defences and the Canadian Role in Liberating the Channel Ports

Type: Document

By 1942, fearing an Allied invasion in the west while embroiled in war with the Soviet Union in the east, Hitler endeavoured to create the "Atlantic Wall", or "Fortress Europe", by encrusting the Atlantic seacoast with concrete and steel defences. This article describes these German fortifications and how the First Canadian Army participated in capturing these defensive positions. Includes reading list.

Site: Canadian War Museum

The Strathcona Boot - Uniforms used by Canadians in the South African War

Type: Document

Strathcona's Horse developed its own variant of a high leather boot with a sole that was intended for walking, and a laced instep that provided the wearer with greater flexibility and ease of movement for its service in South Africa. The Strathconas issued these boots to all members of the regiment, and not just to the officers.

Site: Canadian War Museum

Canada and the Second World War - Victory. 1945

Type: Document

On 8 February 1945, the Canadians helped deal a deathblow to German resistance. Fighting through the Rhineland and piercing the formidable Siegfried Line, they penetrated the Reichswald and Hochwald forests.

Site: Canadian War Museum

Canada and the Second World War - The Italian Campaign. 1943-1945

Type: Document

In Canada’s first sustained land operation of the war, Canadian troops helped capture Sicily in a five-week campaign beginning 10 July 1943.

Site: Canadian War Museum

The 12-Pounder Field Gun - Weapons used by Canadians in the South African War

Type: Document

The 12-pounder breech-loading gun that equipped the Brigade Division, Royal Canadian Field Artillery in South Africa replaced the 9-pounder rifled muzzle loading guns that had equipped Canada's field artillery units since the 1870s.

Site: Canadian War Museum

"For Queen and Country" - Canadians and the South African War, 1899-1902

Type: Document

An article about the origins of the South African War and Canada's involvement in it. Includes reading list.

Site: Canadian War Museum

The Stetson Hat - Uniforms used by Canadians in the South African War

Type: Document

During the South African War, apart from the 2nd (Special Service) Battalion, Royal Canadian Regiment of Infantry, all Canadian units that served in South Africa wore Stetsons. The hat became firmly identified with Canada and the Canadian military presence in South Africa.

Site: Canadian War Museum

Battle of Doornkop - South African War

Type: Document

Across the British army’s route lay the Klipriversberg Range. In its midst was the position of Doornkop, which the Boers had occupied in force. In preparation for a direct assault, the commander of the cavalry division gave the task of crossing the river and gaining a foothold on the other side to the 1st Mounted Infantry Brigade, which included the Royal Canadian Dragoons and the Canadian Mounted Rifles.

Site: Canadian War Museum

Canada and the Second World War - The Battle for Hong Kong. 1941

Type: Document

In November 1941, Canada sent 1975 troops to help garrison the British colony of Hong Kong. Despite fighting valiantly, 290 Canadians were killed in action and 300 more died in capitivity.

Site: Canadian War Museum

Lieutenant-Colonel William D. Otter (1843-1929) - South African War

Type: Document

Lieutenant-Colonel William D. Otter became the first Canadian-born officer to command this country’s military. As commanding officer of the 2nd Battalion, Royal Canadian Regiment of Infantry in South Africa, his no nonsense, no frills approach to soldiering brought him into conflict with the less disciplined ways of his officers and men, but his austere professionalism got results.

Site: Canadian War Museum