CHAPTER 1: The Conquest
Reinforcements from Europe
Soldiers, French régiment de la Reine and régiment de Languedoc, circa 1756
(Click image to enlarge)
In France, reaction to the arrival of the British troops in Virginia was swift. To reinforce his North American garrisons, Louis XV decided in February 1755 to immediately send battalions detached from the metropolitan "army troops," because there was not enough time to recruit new troops in the colonies. The 2nd battalions of the La Reine, Languedoc, Guyenne, Béarn, Bourgogne and Artois regiments were chosen for this purpose, representing a total of 3,336 officers and men. The Bourgogne and Artois battalions were assigned the task of reinforcing the garrison at the fortress of Louisbourg, while the other four, under the command of General Jean-Armand Dieskau, were to serve in Canada. At the beginning of May, the six battalions left Brest for New France.