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Infantryman, Canadian Expeditionary Force, France 1915-1916

Caption: Infantryman, Canadian Expeditionary Force, France 1915-1916

During the first years of the war, soldiers of the Canadian Expeditionary Force wore the khaki tunic adopted by the Canadian Militia in 1903. Unit badges on hats and collars were often shaped like a maple leaf. Infantrymen carried the Canadian Ross rifle, a long and heavy weapon that was a fine target rifle, but which gave poor performance when dirty or wet. Many of these Canadian distinctions disappeared in 1916, when the CEF was equipped with iron helmets, British Short Model Lee-Enfield rifles and uniforms patterned on the looser and more comfortable British model. Reconstruction by Ron Volstad. (Canadian Department of National Defence)