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French crossbowman around 1541­42

Caption: French crossbowman around 1541­42

This crossbowman wears the white and black livery worn by the members of the Cartier and Roberval expedition to Canada during 1541-42. These men were well armed and well equipped. In this period, each soldier wore an iron helmet and a breastplate, carried a sword and dagger, and sometimes wore livery. Black and white were not only the colours of Brittany, where the expedition set out from, but apparently those of French King François I at this time. Reconstruction by Michel Pétard.